ANALISIS KAJIAN | Malaysia disenarai pada kedudukan ke-12 terbawah dalam kalangan 59 negara yang memiliki jalan raya terburuk global dalam senarai dikeluarkan melalui laporan kajian bertajuk 'Worst and Best Roads - US and International Ranking' yang dijalankan firma pendidikan pemandu, Zutobi.
Menurut data firma itu yang dikeluarkan pada 29 September 2022, kualiti jalan raya di Malaysia menurun lebih 5 peratus dalam tempoh lima tahun lalu, dengan jumlah kematian jalan raya direkod kedua tertinggi iaitu 22.76 bagi setiap 100,000 orang.
Selain Malaysia, Kuwait disenarai negara yang mempunyai jalan raya terburuk dunia, diikuti Costa Rica, Georgia, Panama dan New Zealand.
Kuwait juga mempunyai jumlah kematian jalan raya ketiga tertinggi bagi setiap 100,000 orang iaitu hampir 19.
Kajian menganalisis keseluruhan 59 negara itu memberikan Malaysia skor keselamatan keseluruhan 3.32 daripada 10 berdasarkan empat faktor iaitu kualiti jalan raya, peningkatan kualiti jalan raya, kematian jalan raya, dan saiz relatif rangkaian jalan raya.
Data sama menyenaraikan Singapura sebagai negara yang merekodkan skor keseluruhan tertinggi kualiti jalan raya iaitu 9.44 daripada 10.
Singapura juga dilaporkan merekodkan kadar kematian jalan raya paling sedikit iaitu 1.69 bagi setiap 100,000.
Selain Singapura, empat lagi negara yang mencatatkan skor kualiti jalan raya paling tinggi ialah Belanda dengan 8.62 daripada 10, diikuti Switzerland (8.58 peratus), Japan (8.41) dan Denmark (7.59).
Laporan Zutobi berasingan yang diterbitkan Mei 2022 meletakkan Malaysia antara 10 negara paling berbahaya untuk memandu bersama Thailand, India, Argentina, AS dan Afrika Selatan.
Namun, Malaysia mempunyai bilangan kematian jalan raya paling rendah berkaitan alkohol iaitu hanya 0.1 peratus, walaupun antara negara yang mempunyai had kepekatan alkohol darah paling longgar untuk pemandu iaitu 0.08 peratus.
Berikut Adalah Laporan Berkenaan :
Countries with the worst roads
Out of all the countries in the world, 59 were analyzed, these were either OECD member nations or countries with a score of eight or higher on the HDI. Further nations were removed from the rankings, as there was incomplete or missing data in those places. The road quality score is calculated using these factors: road quality, improvements in road quality, road deaths, and the relative size of the road network.
1 – Kuwait, total road quality score of 1.33/10:
The country with the worst quality roads is Kuwait. The road quality score has dropped by more than 20% in five years, it was 4.6 in 2014 then dropped to 3.7 by 2019. Kuwait also has the third highest number of road traffic deaths per 100,000 people, almost 19.
2 – Costa Rica, total road quality score of 2.24/10:
There are five fewer people per 100,000 dying on the roads in Costa Rica, but the road quality score is 0.7 lower in the Central American nation than it was in Kuwait. Moreover, the road quality score of 3/10 is the lowest of any country studied.
3 – Georgia, total road quality score of 2.33/10:
Georgia sits right at the crossroads of Europe and Asia; the capital city, Tbilisi is within 500 miles of both the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. Georgia ranked in the bottom 15 countries for all but one category.
4 – Panama, total road quality score of 2.54/10:
Panama borders Costa Rica, they have slightly nicer roads, but they still had a low score of just over 2.5. The road quality in Panama is getting worse, dropping by over 5% from 4.7 to 4.5 in 5 years. There are 13.99 road traffic death rates per 100,000 of the population on Panama’s highways.
5 – New Zealand, total road quality score of 2.93/10:
The roads in New Zealand are often mountainous, winding and narrow due to the nature of the spectacular landscape the country is famous for. These roads can be challenging to drive, and they have deteriorated by over 9% in the past five years, in 2014 they scored 5, but this dropped to 4.5 by 2019, one contributing factor could be the 2016 Kaikoura earthquake which destroyed a large section of the state highway 1 (New Zealand’s biggest road).
Countries with the best roads
1 – Singapore, total road quality score of 9.44/10:
Singapore has by far the highest overall road score, as it is the only nation to score higher than 9/10. It has the best road quality, as well as the fewest road traffic deaths, 1.69 per 100,000 people.
2 – Netherlands, total road quality score of 8.62/10:
The Netherlands has the second best roads in the world, despite having better roads than Singapore in 2014 they have since been surpassed. The Netherlands ranked in the top ten for all but one of the categories.
3 – Switzerland, total road quality score of 8.58/10:
The Swiss roads are only 0.4 points behind the Dutch roads, which edges them into third place in the rankings. Switzerland has some spectacular alpine drives such as the Furka Pass, and thankfully these epic roads are kept in good quality.
4 – Japan, total road quality score of 8.41/10:
Japan is the final country to have roads with a higher overall score than 8/10. Japan ranks in the top five countries for road quality, road traffic deaths, and the length of road per 100,000 km2.
5 – Denmark, total road quality score of 7.59/10:
The final entry into the top five is Denmark, which achieved a score of 7.59. Denmark has quite low speed-limits for non-motorway rural roads, as they are all set at 80 kmh (51 mph). Also, there are only 2.21 deaths on the road per 100,00 people.
The area of each country and the length of its road network were sourced from Worlddata.info. We then calculated the km of road per 100,000 km2
The road quality score per country was sourced from TheGlobalEconomy.com, we collected data from the most recent recorded year (2019), and five years earlier (2014).
Berikut adalah kedudukan keselurahan negara dalam kajian