Thursday, 5 May 2016

KEMASKINI: Helikopter Hilang di Sarawak (RPC6828)

MAYAT WANITA DITEMUI DEKAT LOKASI SERPIHAN HELIKOPTER -

Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat Sarawak mengesahkan penemuan mayat wanita berdekatan lokasi serpihan helikopter ditemui, sebentar tadi.

Namun, Pengarahnya, Nor Hisham Mohamad menafikan maklumat dua mayat ditemui setakat ini seperti yang tersebar di media sosial.


“Setiap minit kami berhubung dengan pasukan mencari dan menyelamat (SAR) dan setakat ini hanya satu mayat wanita yang ditemui.

“Ada maklumat jadi viral yang mengatakan ada dua mayat ditemui. Itu tidak benar,” katanya dipetik melalui Buletin Awani, sebentar tadi.

Menurutnya, mayat wanita itu ditemui di tebing hulu 15 kilometer Sungai Batang Lupar kira-kira jam 12 tengah hari tadi.

Pencarian mangsa lain pula tertumpu pada radius empat kilometer daripada mayat mangsa pertama ditemui.


“Kita dalam proses untuk membawa balik mayat ke jeti untuk pengesahan polis dan hospital. Kita jumpa mayat wanita itu tersangkut di tebing sungai,” katanya.

Sementara itu hubungan terakhir yang dibuat juruterbang helikopter semalam ialah pada 4.15 petang, tiga minit setelah berlepas.

Ketua Pengarah Jabatan Perkhidmatan Awam (DCA) Datuk Seri Azharuddin Abdul Rahman berkata juruterbang itu memberitahu bahawa mereka dijangka akan berada di kawasan Simunjan dalam masa kira-kira 20 minit setelah berlepas pada pukul 4.12 petang.

"Sebelum jangkaan tiba di Semunjan, pengawal trafik udara cuba menghubungi pesawat itu pada 4.28 petang tetapi tiada respons. Beberapa lagi cubaan dilakukan untuk menghubungi helikopter itu pada 4.29 petang, 4.39 petang dan 4.56 petang.

"Tetapi masih tiada respons daripada helikopter berkenaan," katanya.
Beberapa serpihan bahagian helikopter itu ditemui dekat sungai Batang Lupar di Sebuyau, pagi ini (Jumaat).

Azharuddin berkata terdapat empat helikopter di kawasan itu pada ketika itu, sebuah daripadanya hanya seminit berada di belakang helikopter malang itu.


"Kami minta mereka menghubungi helikopter itu tetapi usaha mereka gagal," katanya.

Selepas usaha menghubungi beberapa pihak yang berkenaan dan tiada sebarang isyarat dikesan tentang kedudukan helikopter itu, Azharuddin berkata situasi kecemasan diisytiharkan dan misi mencari dan menyelamat digerakkan pada pukul 7.26 malam tadi.

Beliau berkata pasukan bertindak dibentuk untuk mengendalikan usaha memberitahu keluarga mereka yang berada di dalam pesawat tu.

Azharuddin berkata penyiasatan masih berjalan dan Hornbill Skyways, syarikat yang menyewakan pesawat itu dari Filipina masih belum digantung operasinya.


"Pada masa ini kita masih belum tahu apakah sebenarnya berlaku. Kita kena siasat untuk mengetahui apa yang sebenarnya menyebabkan helikopter itu putus hubungan dengan menara kawalan. Operasi Hornbill Skyways tidak digantung lagi," katanya.

======================
TERKINI: Beberapa serpihan dipercayai bahagian dari helikopter yang dilapor hilang di Sarawak sudah ditemui - PM Najib

Serpihan helikopter yang hilang di Sarawak semalam dijumpai bersebelahan Sungai Batang Lupar, kata Perdana Menteri Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak.

Serpihan itu termasuk sebuah rotation device, sebuah kerusi, sebahagian daripada pintu, sebahagian rotor blade dan sebahagian dinding pesawat, Najib berkata pada sidang media pagi ini di Kuching.


#HelikopterHilang






Operasi mencari Pesawat hilang Jenis Helikopter (RPC6828)
Tarikh 05 Mei 2016 (Khamis)


Keanggotaan Terlibat
a.Unit STORM 14 Orang
b.Unit MUST 12 Orang
c.Lain-Lain Pegawai 24 Orang
JUMLAH = 50 Orang (Termasuk 7 Orang Penyelam)

Logistik : 
a.4X4 = 7 Buah
b.Lori = 1 Buah
c.Bot Kevlar = 1 Buah
d.Bot Aluminium = 4 Buah
e.EMRS = 1 Buah

Kawasan Pencarian :
a.Sebuyau
b.Maludam
c.Lingga
d.Betong


Kronologi:(05 Mei 2016)

1612:00 hrs – Helikopter penerbangan dari Stadium Spaoh ke Kuching membawa 5 penumpang.

1632:00 hrs – Terputus hubungan dengan Menara Kawalan DCA

2130:00 hrs – Bilik Gerakan Operasi Bomba diaktifkan sepenuhnya

2145:00 hrs – BBP Simunjan telah tiba di Daerah Sebuyau untuk membuat pemantauan dan melaporkan dari orang Awam bahawa tidak terlihat kelibat sebarang Helikopter di Kawasan tersebut

2215:00 hrs – PGO Sarawak menghubungi Menara Kawalan DCA dan dimaklumkan bahawa maklumat yang menyatakan bahawa Helikopter tersebut telah mendarat cemas di Sri Aman adalah tidak benar

2330:00 hrs – Mesyuarat penyelarasan SAR antara Agensi telah diadakan di IPK Kuching
(06 Mei 2016)

0015:00 hrs – Mesyuarat penyelarasan SAR Udara antara Agensi telah diadakan di DCA

0118:00 hrs – Ketua Zon 3 melapor berdasarkan maklumat Orang Awam yang terlihat Kerlipan lampu yang dipercayai Helikopter tersebut di Sungai Batang Lupar di seberang Kampung Skait,Lingga.Anggota bersama sebuah Bot dan sebuah Ambulan EMRS digerakkan ke lokasi 

0226:00 hrs – Ketua Zon 2 memaklumkan bahawa Polis Sebuyau telah terlihat Helikopter rendah menuju ke Laut dari Pantai Sebuyau

Status Operasi :

Helikopter masih belum ditemui sehingga jam 0346:00 hrs (06 Mei 2016)
Perancangan Operasi (06 Mei 2016) :

0600:00 hrs – Operasi SAR akan dijalankan menggunakan Water Surface Searching di kawasan tumpuan iaitu di Pesisiran Sebuyau dan Triso serta sekitar Lingga

1000:00 hrs – Pemantauan Udara akan dijalankan oleh Helikopter MI-171 (Bomba) yang akan bergerak ke Lapangan Terbang Sibu dan seterusnya menerima arahan daripada DCA berkenaan dengan Air Searching.

Disediakan Oleh,
Pusat Gerakan Operasi Bomba Sarawak






========================================================================

HELIKOPTER yang dinaiki Timbalan Menteri Perusahaan Perladangan dan Komoditi, Datuk Noriah Kasnon dilaporkan hilang dari radar sejak petang tadi.

Ketika kejadian, helikopter dari Betong ke Kuching itu djadualkan mendarat di tarmac Hornbill Skyways, Kuching namun dikatakan hilang dari radar pada jam 5 petang berhampiran kawasan Sebuyau.

Sementara itu maklumat yang tersebar di laman sosial memaparkan nama-nama penumpang helikopter berkenaan dengan gambar mereka. Belum dapat dipastikan kesahihan. 



Difahamkan antara VIP yang hilang termasuklah suami Noriah, Ahli Parlimen Kuala Kangsar, Wan Mohammad Khairil Anuar dan Ketua Setiausaha Kementerian Perusahaan Perladangan dan Komoditi, Datuk Dr. Sundaran Annamalai.

1. Datuk Noriah Kasnon, Timbalan Menteri MPIC
2. Tuan Asmuni bin Abdullah( suami TM)
3. Datuk Dr. Sundaran Annamalai , KSU MPIC,
4. Datuk Wan Mohammad Khairil Anuar Wan Ahmad, Pengerusi MPOB/ AP Kuala Kangsar,
5. Ahmad Sobri bin Harun ( pengawal peribadi) .

Juruterbang memaklumkan menara kawalan lokasi mereka berada di sekitar kawasan Triso, Sebuyau sebelum terputus hubungan.

Sehingga berita ini disiarkan, tiada sebarang pengumuman rasmi dibuat dan usaha pencarian dilaporkan sedang giat dijalankan.


Helikopter yang hilang di Sarawak dipercayai membawa :
1. Kapten Rudolf Rex Ragas (Juruterbang)
2. Datuk Noriah Kasnon (Timb. Menteri Perusahaan, Perladangan dan Komoditi)
3. Datuk Wan Mohammad Khair-il Wan Ahmad (Pengerusi MPOB)
4. Asmuni Abdullah (Suami Datuk Noriah)
5. Datuk Dr. Sundaran Ann Amalai (KSU Kem. Perusahaan, Perladangan dan Komoditi)
6. Ahmad Sobri (pengawal keselamatan peribadi Datuk Noriah)

Setiausaha Sulit Kepada Timbalan Menteri Perusahaan, Perladangan dan Komoditi, Abidin Supardi mengesahkan demikian.

===============================================

Malaysia's deputy minister among VIPs feared on board missing helicopter

KUCHING (THE STAR/ASIA NEWS NETWORK) - Six individuals including a deputy minister are believed to be on a helicopter which has gone missing in Sarawak.

Plantation Industries and Commodities Deputy Minister Datuk Noriah Kasnon along with her husband Asmuni Abdullah were on the helicopter.

The four other individuals were the ministry's secretary-general Datuk Dr Sundaran Annamalai, Kuala Kangsar MP and Malaysian Palm Oil Board member Datuk Wan Mohammad Khair-il Anuar Wan Ahmad and personal bodyguard Ahmad Sobri Harun, as well as the pilot of the flight RP-C 6828 Captain Rudolf Rex Ragas.


According to reports, air traffic controllers lost contact with the helicopter at 5pm on Thursday (May 5) while it was near Sebuyau.

It is believed to have been travelling from Betong to Kuching.

Department of Civil Aviation Director Datuk Azharudin Abdul Rahman has confirmed the reports, saying that a search and rescue operation has been launched.

Noriah is also Sungai Besar MP.

When contacted, Minister Datuk Seri Douglas Uggah Embas said he last saw Noriah at 12.30pm at his constituency in Bukit Saban.


He, however, has no details of the missing helicopter.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


KUCHING: The Department of Civil Aviation has deployed a search and rescue team for the missing helicopter carrying six individuals, including a deputy minister.
DCA director Datuk Azharuddin Abdu Rahman told The Star's Malay portal mStar that the team was dispatched at 7.26pm on Thursday.
He said the department has classified the case as "lost contact".
"The helicopter departed Betong for Kuching at 4.15pm on Thursday. It was supposed to contact DCA at 5pm to update its location.
"But DCA did not receive anything. Our attempts to reach it also failed," he said.
The helicopter went missing from the radar at about 5pm near Sebuyau.
Six individuals, including a deputy minister, are believed to be on the helicopter.
Plantation Industries and Commodities Deputy Minister Datuk Noriah Kasnon along with her husband Asmuni Abdullah were on the helicopter.

The other four individuals were the ministry secretary-general Datuk Dr Sundaran Annamalai, Kuala Kangsar MP and Malaysian Palm Oil Board member Datuk Wan Mohammad Khair-il Anuar Wan Ahmad and personal bodyguard Ahmad Sobri Harun, as well as the pilot of the flight RP-C 6828 Captain Rudolf Rex Ragas

Thursday, 21 April 2016

Scientist warns MEGA EARTHQUAKE



A GEOLOGIST has warned a devastating earthquake and tsunami could hit the United States, potentially threatening millions of lives, within the next 48 hours.

By JON AUSTIN

Jim Berkland, a former US Geological Survey scientist, who once famously predicted the Loma Prieta quake, said mega quakes usually strike at a new moon or full moon because of the gravitation effect on the Earth…and the next full moon is on FRIDAY.

The maverick, now retired, scientist spoke out after eight powerful earthquakes struck across south Asia and the pacific in the past 80 hours, claiming hundreds of lives in Japan and Ecuador.


Mr Berkland predicted on October 13, 1989, an earthquake of magnitude 3.5 to 6.0 would strike San Francisco within the next week.

Four days later on October 17 a magnitude 6.9 quake hit Loma Prieta in northern California. 

He now says 20 of the world’s last 25 mega quakes have happened during new or full moons.

SEVEN major earthquakes strike Asia in 72 hours

Mystic who 'predicted Japan earthquake' says BIGGER disaster IMMINENT
He is most concerned about the the San Andreas Fault through California and the Cascadia Subduction Zone, which is further north along the coast of Oregon and Washington State.

He says both areas are long over due a so-called “Big One” earthquake and would likely cause devastating tsunamis to surge over the west coast if it happened.

He said: “Beware the new and full moons.”

He says this causes "equinoctal tides", which are extreme gravitational forces that cause solid earth to expand and contract, in the way ocean tides rise and fall.

Mr Berkland studied geology at the University of California, Berkeley.

Jim Berkland claims the new or full moon can cause a mega earthquake by tidal pull

Sources: http://www.express.co.uk/news/weird/662872/Scientist-warns-mega-quake-that-threatens-millions-could-hit-USA-as-early-as-FRIDAY

====================================


The big one’: Is there really a ‘mega-earthquake’ on the way this week?





You really, really shouldn’t believe everything you read on the internet.
This week, a lot of news outlets have been warning of an incoming ‘mega-earthquake’, set to flatten cities around the world.
There’s just one, tiny problem.
While there have been several of earthquakes in the past week, the quote used to predict a ‘mega quake’ is actually several months old – and about earthquakes in India.
Scientist Roger Bilham of the University of Colorado DID warn of risks of ‘mega-earthquakes – but in January, and specifically in the Himalayas.
But the quote, ‘The current conditions might trigger at least four earthquakes greater than 8.0 in magnitude. And if they delay, the strain accumulated during the centuries provokes more catastrophic mega earthquakes,’ has been jumped on by conspiracy sites, reported as if it was said this week, and is now circulating around the world.


View of a fallen building after a 7.8-magnitude quake in Portoviejo, Ecuador on April 17, 2016. At least 77 people were killed when a powerful earthquake struck Ecuador, destroying buildings and a bridge and sending terrified residents scrambling from their homes, authorities said Sunday. / AFP PHOTO / JUAN CEVALLOSJUAN CEVALLOS/AFP/Getty Images
View of a fallen building after a 7.8-magnitude quake in Portoviejo, Ecuador AFP/Getty


Until a scientist says something specific (and new) about the risks this week, you probably shouldn’t worry that a ‘megaquake’ is about to destroy the world.
More than 260 people died and 2,500 others were injured in the powerful quake in Ecuador, which measured 7.8 on the Richter scale – the strongest to hit the country since 1979.
A state of emergency has since been declared in six of Ecuador’s 24 provinces – with 10,000 armed forces deployed and 4,600 national police sent to the towns near the epicentre.
Homes, buildings and roads have been reduced to rubble – with more than 70% of the town of Pedernales, a town of 40,000, destroyed.


Read more: http://metro.co.uk/2016/04/18/the-big-one-is-there-really-a-mega-earthquake-on-the-way-this-week-5824431/#ixzz46QM5oU4y

Wednesday, 20 April 2016

Video shows increased activity at Yellowstone


© USGS
Range and thickness of Yellowstone supervolcano's eruption 640,000 years ago.
Over the past week, our planet has been hit by large earthquake after large earthquake, and according to Volcano Discoverythere are 38 volcanoes around the world that are erupting right now. We have seen a dramatic spike in global seismic activity that is unlike anything that we have seen in ages, and that is why what is going on at Yellowstone is so incredibly alarming. Geologists tell us that a full-blown eruption of the Yellowstone supervolcano would have up to 2,000 times the power of the Mount St. Helens volcanic eruption of 1980, and approximately two-thirds of the country would immediately become uninhabitable. As you will see below, there are signs that something big is getting ready to happen at Yellowstone, and if it does erupt all of our lives will be permanently changed forever.

I want to share with you some footage from Yellowstone that was recorded on Thursday night. In this video, it appears to be as bright as day even though it is the middle of the night, you can see a whole host of geysers steaming violently, and Old Faithful just keeps going off over and over...


This stunning footage was posted by a YouTube user known as Kat Martin 2016, and the following is what she had to say about the video that you just saw...
There are places s(t)eaming I have never seen steam before....and also note that the bright ground is back. There are no shadows, so it is not from above! As you know the cameras were froze up last night, so we could not see what was going ....or so we thought LOL...I found a way. Somehow (don't ask me how), the Geyser Observation Study site was able to capture the ENTIRE night with NO freeze ups and cutting in and out....how is THAT? Anyway, I got it and slowed it down so you can see better. Old Faithful had weird seismos last night, and was going off constantly.
But it wasn't just that one night. The weird activity at Yellowstone has continued, and you can watch even more recent footage that Kat Martin has posted right here and right here.

So what does this mean?

I don't know, but watching that footage definitely got my attention.

And it is interesting to note that just a few weeks ago the Shoshone River changed color and started boiling without any warning whatsoever...
The Shoshone River, near Yellowstone National Park, suddenly and without warning started boiling, changed color and began to emit a sulfuric odor on March 25. Nearby witnesses wondered if they were "all going to die." The current consensus among geologists and other experts is that a portion of the Shoshone River began to boil, located near Cody, Wyoming, and a new Yellowstone vent has opened up.

As Mysterious Universe reports, the boiling river near Yellowstone runs just east of Yellowstone National Park. It is close enough to the park and super volcano to be a "canary in a coal mine" as it relates to unusual geothermic events. The event was initially recorded by Dewey Vanderhoff, a photographer who spotted the Shoshone River near Yellowstone boiling and noted other bizarre features in the river.
When a river located above a supervolcano that could wipe out most of the country starts boiling, you would think that would make headline news all over the nation.

But it didn't.

It would be exceedingly difficult to overstate the potential danger that Yellowstone poses to the United States. Other than an extremely large asteroid or meteor, it is hard to imagine any natural disaster that would pose a greater threat. The following comes from an excellent article by Steve Elwart...
The Yellowstone Caldera, or cauldron, sits on top of North America's largest volcanic field. Four hundred miles under the Earth's surface is a magma 'hotspot' that reaches up to just 30 miles below ground level before spreading out over an area of 300 miles across three states.

Over all this sits the volcano.

While most scientists believe the probability of a major eruption is very small, there are signs that have some analysts worried, and most agree the volcano holds catastrophic potential. It could blast 240 cubic miles of ash, rocks and lava into the atmosphere, rendering about two-thirds of the nation immediately uninhabitable, according to some estimates, and plunge the world into a "nuclear winter."
That certainly does not sound good.

And as I mentioned above, volcanic activity all over the planet is rising. 38 volcanoes are erupting at the moment, and it seems like we hear about another new eruption almost every day now.

But let us hope that Yellowstone does not erupt any time soon.

There are approximately 3,000 earthquakes in the area around Yellowstone every single year, so it is a very seismically active region. In the event of a full-scale eruption of Yellowstone, virtually the entire northwest United States will be completely destroyed. Basically everything within a 100 mile radius would be immediately killed, Salt Lake City would literally be toast, and almost everyone and everything in Denver would be dead in short order.

Further away, volcanic ash would rain down continually for weeks. Those foolish enough to step outside would quickly discover that the ash turns into a substance similar to cement in the lungs, and many would die from suffocation.

The amount of volcanic ash released by Yellowstone would be almost unimaginable. In fact, it has been estimated that a full-blown eruption would dump a layer of volcanic ash that is at least 10 feet deep up to 1,000 miles away.

Food production in America would be almost totally wiped out, and the "volcanic winter" that would result from a Yellowstone eruption would dramatically cool the planet. Some have projected that global temperatures would decline by up to 20 degrees.

In the end, the death, famine and destruction that we would experience would be vastly greater than anything that we have ever seen in the history of western civilization.

So yes, there is reason to be concerned that weird stuff is going on at Yellowstone right now.

Let us just hope and pray that we do not see an eruption in 2016 or any time soon.

Tuesday, 19 April 2016

Missing aircraft, Boeing 777, 9M-MRO, 8 March 2014


Debris examination – update No. 1 Missing aircraft, Boeing 777, 9M-MRO, 8 March 2014

Identification of two items of debris recovered from beaches in Mozambique

ATSB Technical Examination Report Aviation AE-2014-054 Debris examination update 1 19 April 2016

Introduction : On 27 December 2015 and 27 February 2016, two items of debris were independently found, approximately 220km apart, on the Mozambique coast. 

Both items were delivered to the relevant Civil Aviation Authorities in Mozambique and South Africa in early March 2016. Assistance from the Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) was requested by the Malaysian Government in the formal identification of the items to determine if they came from the Malaysian Airlines Berhad (MAB) Boeing 777 aircraft, registered 9M-MRO, operating as MH370. 

The parts were packaged in Mozambique and South Africa respectively and delivered safe-hand to the ATSB in their original packaging, in the custody of the ICAO Annex 13 Safety Investigation Team members. 

The following is a brief summary of the outcomes from the debris examination. This debris examination summary is released with the concurrence of the Malaysian ICAO Annex 13 Safety Investigation Team for MH370.

 Quarantine and marine ecology 

On arrival into Australia, both parts were quarantined at the Geoscience Australia facility in Canberra. The parts were unwrapped and examined for the presence of marine ecology and remnants of biological material. 

Visible marine ecology was present on both parts and these items were removed and preserved. The parts were subsequently cleaned and released from quarantine. 

Identification 

Part No. 1 The first part was initially identified from a number stencilled on the part (676EB), as a segment from a Boeing 777 flap track fairing (Fairing No. 7) from the right wing (Figure 1). 




All measurable dimensions, materials, construction and other identifiable features conformed to the applicable Boeing drawings for the identified fairing. The 676EB stencil font and colour was not original from manufacture, but instead conformed to that developed and used by MAB during painting operations (Figure 2). 




The part had been repainted, which was consistent with MAB maintenance records for 9M-MRO. Figure 1: Location of flap track fairing panel No. 676EB Source: Boeing 777 aircraft maintenance manual (modified by ATSB) › 2 ‹ ATSB – AE-2014-054 Figure 2: Flap fairing outer surface showing stencil location and comparison Source: ATSB Part No. 2 The second part was primarily identified from images showing the materials, construction and “NO STEP” stencil, as a segment of a Boeing 777 RH horizontal stabilizer panel (Figure 3). 




All measurable dimensions, materials, construction and other identifiable features conformed to the Boeing drawings for the stabiliser panel. The part was marked on the upper surface in black paint with “NO STEP”.

 The font and location of the stencil were not original from manufacture, however the stencilling was consistent with that developed and used by Malaysian Airlines (Figure 4). 




A single fastener was retained in the part. The fastener head markings identified it as being correct for use on the stabiliser panel assembly. The markings also identified the fastener manufacturer. That manufacturer’s fasteners were not used in current production, but did match the fasteners used in assembly of the aircraft next in the production line (405) to 9M-MRO (404) (Figure 4). 

Figure 3: Location of horizontal stabiliser panel No. 3 upper Source: Boeing 777 Parts Catalogue (modified by ATSB) › 3 ‹ ATSB – AE-2014-054 Figure 4: Stabiliser panel “NO STEP” stencil and fastener comparison Source: ATSB, Boeing 

Conclusions 

At the time of writing, ongoing work was being conducted with respect to the marine ecology identification as well as testing of material samples. 

The results from these tests will be provided to the Malaysian investigation team once complete. Nevertheless, from the initial examination it was concluded that: 

• Part No. 1 was a flap track fairing segment, almost certainly from the Malaysian Airlines Boeing 777 aircraft, registered 9M-MRO. 

• Part No. 2 was a horizontal stabiliser panel segment, almost certainly from the Malaysian Airlines Boeing 777 aircraft, registered 9M-MRO

http://www.atsb.gov.au/media/5770117/debris-examination-mh370_19april2016.pdf


Released in accordance with section 25 of the Transport Safety Investigation Act 2003
Publishing information
Published by: Australian Transport Safety Bureau
Postal address: PO Box 967, Civic Square ACT 2608
Office: 62 Northbourne Avenue Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601
Telephone: 1800 020 616, from overseas +61 2 6257 4150 (24 hours)
Accident and incident notification: 1800 011 034 (24 hours)
Facsimile: 02 6247 3117, from overseas +61 2 6247 3117
Email: atsbinfo@atsb.gov.au
Internet: www.atsb.gov.au

© Commonwealth of Australia 2016

Sunday, 3 April 2016

The Sykes-Picot Agreement : 1916

It is accordingly understood between the French and British governments:


That France and Great Britain are prepared to recognize and protect an independent Arab states or a confederation of Arab states (a) and (b) marked on the annexed map, under the suzerainty of an Arab chief. That in area (a) France, and in area (b) Great Britain, shall have priority of right of enterprise and local loans. That in area (a) France, and in area (b) Great Britain, shall alone supply advisers or foreign functionaries at the request of the Arab state or confederation of Arab states.


That in the blue area France, and in the red area Great Britain, shall be allowed to establish such direct or indirect administration or control as they desire and as they may think fit to arrange with the Arab state or confederation of Arab states.


That in the brown area there shall be established an international administration, the form of which is to be decided upon after consultation with Russia, and subsequently in consultation with the other allies, and the representatives of the Shereef of Mecca.


That Great Britain be accorded (1) the ports of Haifa and Acre, (2) guarantee of a given supply of water from the Tigres and Euphrates in area (a) for area (b). His Majesty's government, on their part, undertake that they will at no time enter into negotiations for the cession of Cyprus to any third power without the previous consent of the French government.


That Alexandretta shall be a free port as regards the trade of the British empire, and that there shall be no discrimination in port charges or facilities as regards British shipping and British goods; that there shall be freedom of transit for British goods through Alexandretta and by railway through the blue area, or (b) area, or area (a); and there shall be no discrimination, direct or indirect, against British goods on any railway or against British goods or ships at any port serving the areas mentioned.


That Haifa shall be a free port as regards the trade of France, her dominions and protectorates, and there shall be no discrimination in port charges or facilities as regards French shipping and French goods. There shall be freedom of transit for French goods through Haifa and by the British railway through the brown area, whether those goods are intended for or originate in the blue area, area (a), or area (b), and there shall be no discrimination, direct or indirect, against French goods on any railway, or against French goods or ships at any port serving the areas mentioned.


That in area (a) the Baghdad railway shall not be extended southwards beyond Mosul, and in area (b) northwards beyond Samarra, until a railway connecting Baghdad and Aleppo via the Euphrates valley has been completed, and then only with the concurrence of the two governments.


That Great Britain has the right to build, administer, and be sole owner of a railway connecting Haifa with area (b), and shall have a perpetual right to transport troops along such a line at all times. It is to be understood by both governments that this railway is to facilitate the connection of Baghdad with Haifa by rail, and it is further understood that, if the engineering difficulties and expense entailed by keeping this connecting line in the brown area only make the project unfeasible, that the French government shall be prepared to consider that the line in question may also traverse the Polgon Banias Keis Marib Salkhad tell Otsda Mesmie before reaching area (b).


For a period of twenty years the existing Turkish customs tariff shall remain in force throughout the whole of the blue and red areas, as well as in areas (a) and (b), and no increase in the rates of duty or conversions from ad valorem to specific rates shall be made except by agreement between the two powers.


There shall be no interior customs barriers between any of the above mentioned areas. The customs duties leviable on goods destined for the interior shall be collected at the port of entry and handed over to the administration of the area of destination.


It shall be agreed that the French government will at no time enter into any negotiations for the cession of their rights and will not cede such rights in the blue area to any third power, except the Arab state or confederation of Arab states, without the previous agreement of his majesty's government, who, on their part, will give a similar undertaking to the French government regarding the red area.


The British and French government, as the protectors of the Arab state, shall agree that they will not themselves acquire and will not consent to a third power acquiring territorial possessions in the Arabian peninsula, nor consent to a third power installing a naval base either on the east coast, or on the islands, of the red sea. This, however, shall not prevent such adjustment of the Aden frontier as may be necessary in consequence of recent Turkish aggression.


The negotiations with the Arabs as to the boundaries of the Arab states shall be continued through the same channel as heretofore on behalf of the two powers.


It is agreed that measures to control the importation of arms into the Arab territories will be considered by the two governments.


I have further the honor to state that, in order to make the agreement complete, his majesty's government are proposing to the Russian government to exchange notes analogous to those exchanged by the latter and your excellency's government on the 26th April last. Copies of these notes will be communicated to your excellency as soon as exchanged.I would also venture to remind your excellency that the conclusion of the present agreement raises, for practical consideration, the question of claims of Italy to a share in any partition or rearrangement of turkey in Asia, as formulated in article 9 of the agreement of the 26th April, 1915, between Italy and the allies.


His Majesty's government further consider that the Japanese government should be informed of the arrangements now concluded

Saturday, 2 April 2016

Inovasi Kamera Ciptaan Ibnu al-Haitham Merevolusi Dunia

AKHBAR terkemuka di United Kingdom (UK), The Independent pada edisi 11 Mac 2006 pernah menyiarkan sebuah artikel tulisan Paul E. Vallely bertajuk, Bagaimana Para Pereka Cipta Muslim Mengubah Dunia menarik untuk dikongsi.

Menariknya lagi, ciptaan tersebut sehingga ke hari ini masih berguna dan popular, antaranya Kamera.

PASTINYA sukar untuk membayangkan dunia tanpa fotografi. Syarikat berbilion dolar seperti Instagram dan Canon diasaskan berdasarkan idea untuk merakam cahaya dari tempat kejadian, mewujudkan imej daripadanya dan menghasilkan semula imej itu.

Tetapi berbuat demikian adalah sesuatu mustahil tanpa usaha dan sumbangan daripada saintis Islam abad ke-11, Ibnu al-Haitham, yang membangunkan bidang optik dan mengambarkan bagaimana kamera berfungsi.

Ibnu al-Haitham adalah saintis pertama menyedari apabila lubang kecil ditebuk pada kotak tahan cahaya, sinaran cahaya dari luar melalui lubang itu hingga ke dinding kotak itu.

Beliau sedar bahawa makin kecil lubang itu, maka lebih jelas imejnya dan ini membolehkan beliau membangunkan sebuah kamera yang boleh menangkap imej yang jelas.

Penemuan Ibnu al-Haitham mengenai kamera dan bagaimana untuk menangkap imej membawa kepada pembangunan kamera dengan menggunakan konsep yang sama.

Tanpa penyelidikan bagaimana cahaya bergerak melalui lubang itu, mekanisme moden yang ada dalam kamera hari ini tidak akan wujud.

Kini hasil inovasi itu dunia menikmati teknologi kamera daripada penggunaan telefon sehingga kepada satelit pengimejan dan teleskop.

Sunday, 11 October 2015

China's J31 stealth fighter specifications were revealed online

China's J31 stealth fighter copied much of the technology of the fifth generation US F-35 fighter jet. Specifications for the J-31 were revealed online.

The J-31 is a mid-weight, twin rudder and twin-engine jet with the typical configuration that is commonly shared by other 5th generation fighters such as Sukhoi T-50. J-31 incorporates certain stealth characters such as forward swept intake ramps with diverterless supersonic inlet (DSI) bumps, trapezoidal wings and a two-piece canopy.

The J-31 appears to be a smaller and more agile aircraft than the Chengdu J-20 that resembles a twin engine F-35C.

The reported maximum engine thrust figure of "88.29 kn" or 9 tons, does conform with statements made by Chinese officials to IHS Jane's at the 2015 Paris Air Show that China was testing a new 9-ton medium thrust turbofan on the Chengdu Aircraft Corporation FC-1/JF-17 fighter. Thought to be an improved version of the WS-13 Taishan turbofan reportedly developed from the Russian Klimov 8.29-ton thrust RD-33 turbofan, it will power versions of the single-engine FC-1 and the twin-engine FC-31. China is working on an improved variant named WS-13A with 100KN of thrust for use on the J-31.

The data posted online describes the FC-31 as "designed for high survivability, low radar detectability, low IR (infrared) signature, and excellent capabilities for electronic counter measures".

Avic said the fifth-generation fighter jet, which has a 1,200 km (750-mile) combat range and a top speed of 2,205 kph (1,370 mph).

The J31 has a maximum payload capacity of 8 metric tons.

Pakistan Air Force is looking to buy 30 to 40 J-31 aircraft.

A sub-scale model of the Shenyang FC-31 fifth-generation fighter made its second appearance at the September 2015 Beijing Air Show. Source: Via Top81 web page 



General characteristics

Crew: one (pilot)
Length: 16.9 m (55 ft 5 in)
Wingspan: 11.5 m (37 ft 9 in)
Height: 4.8 m (15 ft 9 in)
Wing area: 40 m2 (430 sq ft)
Gross weight: 17,600 kg (38,801 lb)
Powerplant: 2 × RD-93 afterburning Turbofans, 84 kN (19,000 lbf) thrust each
Current domestic powerplant - 88.3 kN thrust each
Powerplant: 2 × WS-13A afterburning Turbofans, 100 kN (22,000 lbf) thrust each
Maximum speed: 2,205 km/h (1,369 mph; 1,190 kn)
Maximum speed: Mach 1.8
Combat range: 1,200 km (777 mi; 675 nmi)
Ferry range: 4,000 km (2,485 mi; 2,160 nmi)
Thrust/weight: ~1

Armament

4x PL-12 internally in stealth configuration.


SOURCES - wikipedia, ifeng.com, Janes.com, reuters