Monday, 30 July 2012

Konspirasi Olimpik 2012


Olimpik 2012 kemuncak teori konspirasi?
MARLISSA MOHAMMAD KAMAL
30 Julai 2012
Binaan segi tiga di sekeliling Stadium Olimpik juga didakwa menyerupai piramid dalam logo Illuminati
Binaan segi tiga di sekeliling Stadium Olimpik juga didakwa menyerupai piramid dalam logo Illuminati.
Salah satu kad, Combined Disasters (gabungan bencana) dalam permainan Illuminati
Salah satu kad, Combined Disasters (gabungan bencana) dalam permainan Illuminati ini dikatakan bakal menjadi kemuncak teori konspirasi.
Logo 2012 ini jika disusun semula akan menjadi perkataan Zion (Zionis).
Logo 2012 ini jika disusun semula akan menjadi perkataan Zion (Zionis).
Maskot Wenlock (kiri) dan Mandeville ini juga dikatakan menyerupai dajjal.
Maskot Wenlock (kiri) dan Mandeville ini juga dikatakan menyerupai dajjal.
Sukan Olimpik London 2012 baru sahaja membuka tirai Jumaat lalu, di mana Britain sekali lagi diberi penghormatan untuk menganjurkan temasya berprestij itu.

Majlis pembukaan turut diadakan dengan gilang-gemilang dan disaksikan lebih satu bilion penonton di seluruh dunia.

Penganjur memilih untuk mengetengahkan majlis perasmian yang penuh dengan kejutan termasuk kemunculan Ratu Elizabeth II diiringi oleh James Bond (aktor Daniel Craig).

Bagaimanapun, di sebalik kemeriahan itu, beberapa maklumat yang boleh diperoleh menerusi YouTube berpendapat Sukan Olimpik 2012 tersebut adalah kemuncak bagi segala teori konspirasi yang direncanakan oleh Illuminati (pertubuhan Yahudi terbesar di dunia yang bergerak secara rahsia tanpa diketahui siapa menganggotainya).

Illuminati dikatakan bergerak secara terancang dan telah menguasai hampir 80 peratus pelosok dunia.

Pertubuhan rahsia itu juga telah menguasai pelbagai aspek termasuk ekonomi, politik dan pendidikan dengan menerapkan pemikiran Illuminati yang dirancang sejak lebih 300 tahun lalu.

Sebagai contoh logo 2012 yang diperkenalkan pada Jun 2007 didakwa menelan kos sehingga 400,000 pound (RM2 juta) itu turut memaparkan maksud tersembunyi yang menjadi perkataan Zion (Zionis) serta lambang swastika (Nazi) jika ia disusun semula.

Petunjuk dan maksud tersembunyi tersebut dikaitkan dengan Freemason, sebuah lagi pertubuhan rahsia Yahudi mempunyai matlamat sama seperti Illuminati.

Aspek lain dalam Olimpik London yang mempunyai pengaruh Illuminati adalah dua maskot bermata satu diperbuat daripada logam digelar Wenlock dan Mandeville.

Sesetengah pihak mungkin menganggap kedua-dua maskot tersebut seperti watak animasi filem Monsters, Inc. tetapi jika diamati dengan teliti ia sebenarnya menyerupai dajjal yang diketahui sebagai makhkluk bermata satu.

Kedudukan mata maskot tersebut turut dikaitkan dengan lambang mata satu (all seeing eye) iaitu mata yang melihat semua  yang terdapat dalam puncak segi tiga simbol Illuminati.

Sebagai contoh, pada bahagian atas kepala Wenlock yang kononnya direka sebagai teksi di London juga sebenarnya menunjukkan lambang segi tiga piramid dalam logo Illuminati.

Selain itu, beberapa pemerhati turut mempertikaikan reka bentuk Stadium Olimpik London yang telah meraih Anugerah Institut Arkitek Diraja Britain 2012 (Riba).

Mereka mendakwa binaan segi tiga di sekeliling stadium itu menyerupai piramid separuh siap lambang Illuminati walaupun arkitek firma Populous itu, Philip Johnson menyatakan idea reka bentuknya menandakan era baru dalam acara sukan.

Seperti apa yang dipaparkan menerusi YouTube, mungkinkah akan berlaku satu lagi kejadian dahsyat seperti serangan ke atas Pusat Dagangan Dunia (WTC) di Amerika Syarikat?

Ini kerana, ada beberapa peristiwa yang terdapat pada 330 kad permainan Illuminati tersebut telah benar-benar berlaku sebelum ini, sekali gus membuktikan teori konspirasi sememangnya sudah lama wujud walaupun kad tersebut dikeluarkan pada 1995.

Ada pengguna YouTube membuat kajian mereka sendiri berdasarkan fakta yang boleh diterima akal.

Dan, mereka menganggap salah satu kad tertera perkataan Combined Disasters (gabungan bencana) adalah kemuncak bagi teori konspirasi ini.
Rancangan jahat yang didalangi oleh agen Illuminati dan Freemason ini sebenarnya bertujuan untuk mencapai matlamat One World Government (satu kerajaan dunia) dengan melaksanakan dasar Novus Ordo Seclorum (Pemerintahan Dunia Baru).

Pertubuhan itu kini bertapak dengan kukuh di Amerika Syarikat (AS) dan melaksanakan pelbagai konspirasi yang berlindung di sebalik undang-undang serta hanya memberi keuntungan kepada sekutunya.

Situasi ini dapat dilihat dengan jelas dalam Kongres AS, yang mana kebanyakan ahlinya terdiri daripada bangsa Yahudi dan keseluruhan dasar negara Barat itu turut menyokong sepenuhnya segala keputusan Israel terutamanya jika ia berbentuk penindasan terhadap orang Islam.



 

Adakah ia hanya kebetulan? Atau sememangnya telah dirancang dengan teliti oleh pertubuhan rahsia Yahudi ini?

ALLAH telah berfirman dalam Surah al-Baqarah, ayat 120;
“Orang-orang Yahudi dan Nasrani tidak sekali-kali akan bersetuju atau suka kepadamu (wahai Muhammad SAW) sehingga engkau menurut agama mereka (yang terpesong itu). Katakanlah (kepada mereka) sesungguhnya petunjuk ALLAH (Islam) itulah petunjuk yang benar.”





Analisis Olimpik London.

Ritual Mesir Masonic?


 


Telah dikhabarkan bahawa Dajjal laknatullah dan para wazirnya telah berada di London untuk acara gilang gemilang Olimpik 2012.



 

Telah dikhabarkan bahawa Dajjal laknatullah dan para wazirnya telah berada di London untuk acara gilang gemilang Olympic 2012. Mereka telah lama membuat persiapan untuk acara ini sejak dahulu lagi kerana melalui acara sukan antarabangsa inilah, mereka dengan mudahnya mengumpulkan penduduk seluruh dunia bagi menjayakan agenda mereka untuk menyihir seluruh dunia.


 


Bandar London telah dipilih kerana London merupakan pusat segala agenda jahat mereka dalam merosakkan dunia selama ini, manakala tahun 2012 pula adalah tahun yang sangat signifikan bagi mereka. Ia adalah tahun yang mana Dajjal laknatullah telah bebas daripada rantai yang mengikatnya selama ini.

2012 juga mempunyai maksud tersirat yang tersendiri. Kita tahu bahawa puak Illuminati, salah satu cabang pasukan Dajjal laknatullah sentiasa mempunyai kod-kod rahsia tersendiri bagi menjalankan agenda mereka. Kita tahu bahawa tulisan Arab dan Ibrani (Hebrew/ tulisan yahudi) ditulis dari sebelah kanan ke kiri.



 

Jika 2012 itu diubah kepada huruf dan dibaca dari kanan ke kiri ia akan kelihatan seperti ZIOZ. Di dalam kod ini, huruf Z yang terakhir boleh diputar melawan arah jam menjadi huruf N. Dengan ini terbongkarlah dalang di sebalik Olimpik London 2012 atau Olimpik London ZION.

2012 = ZOIZ = ZIOZ =ZION

Zion sebagaimana yang kita tahu adalah sebuah bukit di Jerusalem, yang diidamkan oleh Yahudi untuk membina Haikal Sulaiman bagi membina tapak kezahiran Dajjal laknatullah atau Mosyaikh mereka ke dunia bagi menguasai dunia.



   

Bermula 27 Julai 2012 iaitu pada hari Jumaat ini, apabila api Majusi Olimpik London 2012 dinyalakan, maka Dajjal laknatullah beserta para wazirnya akan menyebarkan sihir berat ke seluruh penduduk dunia, lebih-lebih lagi yang melihatnya secara langsung di London , atau pun yang menontonnya melalui televisyen dan internet tidak akan terlepas daripada sihir-sihirnya. Dan sesiapa yang terkena sihirnya, hampir mustahil tidak akan menjadi pengikutnya ketika kezahirannya kelak.

Bagi pendokong perjuangan Islam akhir zaman dan pejuang Kebenaran dan pengikut Imam Mahdi dan Fata At Tamimi, bersiap sedialah untuk serangan berterusan sihir berat ini ke atas anda.

Pagarlah diri anda dengan kaedah masing-masing. Semoga ALLAH SWT melindungi kita semua dengan berkat bulan Ramadhan ini.

sumber: End Justice



Wednesday, 18 July 2012

HSBC Scandals ?


HSBC let drug gangs launder millions: First Barclays, now Britain's biggest bank is shamed - and faces a £640million fine


  • HSBC moved huge sum from Mexico into the U.S. between 2007 and 2008

  • Provided services for Saudi Arabia's Al Rajhi Bank linked to financing terrorism

  • Senate investigation suggests they also moved money tied to Iran

  • Accuses bank of 'pervasively polluted' culture

  • Another hammer blow to the credibility of British banking system after Barclays was fined for allegedly rigging LIBOR interest rate


Britain's biggest bank allowed rogue states and drugs cartels to launder billions of pounds through its branches.
HSBC stands accused of fostering such a ‘polluted’ culture it became a conduit for criminal enterprises.

A top executive at the bank sensationally quit yesterday in front of a US Senate hearing that exposed the scale of the scandal.

David Bagley is sworn in
Investigation: Mr Bagley, left, is sworn in at the Washington subcommittee, alongside Paul Thurston, chief executive of Retail Banking and
 Wealth Management HSBC Holdings plc, Michael Gallagher,  former executive Vice President and head of PCM North America HSBC Bank USA, N.A., and Christopher Lok, former head of Global Banknotes for HSBC Bank USA

Assessing the evidence: Mr Bagley, left, and Paul Thurston, also of HSBC, study documents during their appearance in Washington today
Assessing the evidence: Mr Bagley, left, and Paul Thurston, also of HSBC, study documents during their appearance in Washington today
Following the Barclays rate-fixing revelations, it deals another blow to the City of London’s reputation.

HSBC – one of the few UK banks to survive the financial crisis with its reputation intact – now faces up to £640million in penalties. A devastating 335-page Senate report accused HSBC of ignoring warnings and breaching safeguards that should have stopped the laundering of money from Mexico, Iran and Syria.

Stepping down: David Bagley quit his post before the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs subcommittee in Washington today
Stepping down: David Bagley quit his post before the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs subcommittee in Washington today
The bank failed to monitor a staggering £38trillion of money moving across borders from places that could have posed a risk, including the Cayman Islands and Switzerland. The failures stretched to dealings with Saudi Arabian bank Al Rajhi, which was linked to the financing of terrorism following 9/11.

HSBC’s American arm, HBUS, initially severed all ties with Al Rajhi. But it later agreed to supply the Saudi bank with US banknotes after it threatened to pull all of its business with HSBC worldwide.

According to the report, HBUS also accepted £9.6billion in cash over two years from subsidiaries without checking where the money came from.

In one instance, Mexican and US authorities warned HSBC that £4.5billion sent to the US from its Mexican subsidiary ‘could reach that volume only if they included illegal drug proceeds’.

Concerns over the bank’s links to Mexican drug dealers included £1.3billion stashed in accounts in the Cayman Islands. One HSBC compliance officer admitted the accounts were misused by ‘organised crime’.

London-based banker David Bagley, head of HSBC’s compliance division, which is meant to prevent breaches of the law, quit in front of the Senate committee. He had been with the bank for 20 years.

The affair is also an embarrassment for David Cameron, because his trade envoy Stephen Green chaired HSBC during the period covered by the allegations.

Evidence: Paul Thurston, HSBC Chief of Retail and Wealth Management, said the bank 'took wrongdoing seriously'

Evidence: Paul Thurston, HSBC Chief of Retail and Wealth Management, said the bank 'took wrongdoing seriously'

Mr Thurston, pictured with Mr Bagley, gave evidence to the subcommittee describing the difficulties the bank had in working in Mexico

Mr Thurston, pictured with Mr Bagley, gave evidence to the subcommittee describing the difficulties the bank had in working in Mexico

HSBC headquarters in the City of London: The bank has been accused of laundering money for the Mexican mob
Powerhouse: HSBC headquarters in the City of London. The bank has been accused of laundering money for the Mexican mob

John Mann, a Labour MP on the influential Treasury committee, last night demanded that Lord Green resign or be sacked. ‘Someone whose bank has been assisting murdering drug cartels and corrupt regimes across the world should not be in charge of a government portfolio,’ he said.

A spokesman for the Prime Minister backed the peer – officially known as Baron Green of Hurstpierpoint – saying he was doing an excellent job and would play an important role during the Olympics. No 10 sources said Mr Cameron has not questioned Lord Green about his role in the scandal.

Labour MP Pat McFadden, a member of the Treasury select committee, stopped short of calling for Lord Green to resign over the affair, but said the trade minister should be quizzed over what he knew.

A bank built in trade with the Orient.jpg 
‘I don’t know the timeline of this, but if something was going on at the time anyone was chairman of the bank they should be expected to be asked questions about this,’ he said.

Evidence in the Senate report shows that HSBC staff sought to get round sanctions that prevent American firms doing business with Iran.

It said: ‘From 2001 to 2007, HSBC affiliates sent almost 25,000 transactions involving Iran worth over $19billion (£12billion) through HBUS and other US accounts, while concealing any link with Iran in 85 per cent of the transactions.’
The bank’s compliance division ‘allowed the HSBC affiliates to continue to engage in these practices, which even some within the bank viewed as deceptive, for more than five years without disclosing the extent of the activity to HBUS’.

Many of HSBC’s breaches relate to its use of so-called bearer share accounts, in which ownership of shares and the income they incur can be passed from person to person in secrecy.

Vicious: Mexican gangsters are paraded in a police photo. The country is one of the most crime-ridden places in the world as rival cartels compete to control the lucrative drugs trade

Vicious: Mexican gangsters are paraded in a police photo. The country is one of the most crime-ridden places in the world as rival cartels compete to control the lucrative drugs trade

An HSBC facility in New Castle, Delaware. Executives insist that after years of run-ins with U.S. authorities over alleged anti-money laundering lapses, they have cleared up their act
An HSBC facility in New Castle, Delaware. Executives insist that after years of run-ins with U.S. authorities over alleged anti-money laundering lapses, they have cleared up their act

Senator Carl Levin, a Michigan Democrat who is leading the investigation, said HSBC had been ‘pervasively polluted for some time’. He added: ‘Banks that ignore money laundering rules are a big problem for our country.

‘In an age of international terrorism, drug violence in our streets and on our borders, and organised crime, stopping illicit money flows that support those atrocities is a national security imperative.’

In a statement, HSBC said: ‘We will apologise, acknowledge these mistakes, answer for our actions and give our absolute commitment to fixing what went wrong.’

The bank says it has sharpened up its controls and doubled spending on compliance to £255million.
It also said it was closing 20,000 accounts in the Cayman Islands as a result of the investigation

HOW HSBC BECAME THE SUBJECT OF A U.S. SENATE INVESTIGATION

Probe: Senator Carl Levin referred HSBC to bank regulators in connection with questionable accounting
Probe: Senator Carl Levin referred HSBC to bank regulators in connection with questionable accounting
The U.S. Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations has been investigating HSBC for months as part of an effort by Congress to probe shadowy money flows. 

It began in February this year when U.S. senator Carl Levin said he planned to refer HSBC Holdings to its U.S. bank regulator in connection with questionable accounts it provided for senior Angolan officials.

Senator Levin, who chairs the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations was particularly scathing about HSBC and the role of a Connecticut office of the bank in providing offshore accounts in the Bahamas nearly a decade ago to the Angolan central bank.

At the time he said: 'They've got some real regulatory problems in terms of their obligation to know their customers here in America.'

Mr Levin said he was not pleased with answers given at a hearing by Wiecher Mandemaker, director of general compliance for HSBC Bank USA. 'I thought his answers were very unsatisfactory.'

Asked to comment about Levin's remarks, HSBC, Europe's largest bank, said it takes compliance matters very seriously.

'HSBC's record demonstrates a commitment to vigorous enforcement and continuous enhancement of anti-money laundering policies and practices'.
A subcommittee report said attempts in 2002 by the then-head of the Angolan central bank, Aguinaldo Jaime, to transfer $50 million in government funds to the United States had been rebuffed by Citigroup (C.N) and Bank of America (BAC.N).

Nonetheless, Levin said at the hearing, London-based HSBC helped the Angolan central bank avoid a British court order freezing some of its assets.

The title of the hearing is 'Vulnerabilities to Money Laundering, Drugs, and Terrorist Financing: HSBC Case History.'

Saudi terror links
terror funding? The probe has examined links between HSBC and the Saudi Arabian Al Rajhi Bank
terror funding? The probe has examined links between HSBC and the Saudi Arabian Al Rajhi Bank
The Senate probe also examined banking HSBC did in Saudi Arabia with Al Rajhi Bank, which the report said has links to financing terrorism. 

Evidence of those links emerged after the Sept 11, 2001 attacks on the United States, the Senate report said, citing U.S. government reports, criminal and civil legal proceedings and media reports.

In 2004, Al Rajhi sued the Wall Street Journal, which had published an article about U.S. and Saudi authorities monitoring accounts. The article referenced Al Rajhi.

Al Rajhi said in response to a WSJ story that it 'unequivocally condemns terrorism'. Al Rajhi and the paper settled in 2004. 

The paper did not pay damages and stated that it 'did not intend to imply an allegation that (Al Rajhi) supported terrorist activity, or had engaged in the financing of terrorism', the Senate report said.

In 2005, HSBC told its affiliates to no longer do business with the bank, the report said. Four months later, HSBC officials reversed course, allowing affiliates to decide whether to continue to do business with Al Rajhi.
A Middle Eastern unit of HSBC continued doing business with the bank, the report said. HSBC ultimately stopped helping the bank handle certain types of transactions, and HSBC compliance officials rebuffed other HSBC bankers seeking to maintain ties to the bank.

Then in late 2006, Al Rajhi threatened to yank all of its business with HSBC unless it regained access to using HSBC's bulk-cash transaction business, the Senate report said.

HSBC: THE DAMNING FINDINGS

The focus of the Senate probe was HSBC's U.S. operations, which has its main office in New York. 
HSBC used the U.S. unit as a selling point to clients outside the United States, touting its ability to handle U.S. dollar transactions. 

Among HSBC's problems, the report described the bank's compliance division failed to investigate the suspect money.

High turnover of top compliance officials made it difficult for reform to take hold, the report said. Employees were 'overwhelmed' by a mounting number of suspect transactions that needed review.
'We're strapped and getting behind in investigations,' one bank official wrote in June 2008. 

By that time, HSBC was cutting costs to offset losses tied to subprime home loans and the brewing financial crisis. 

In 2010, one disgusted top compliance official threw up his hands and quit after less than a year on the job, according to the report.

Typical of the problems inside the bank were transactions tied to Mexico, a country the report said is 'under siege from drug crime, violence and money laundering'. 

HSBC, according to the report, helped move money for a Mexican foreign-exchange dealer called Casa de Cambio Puebla that served as a hub for laundered proceeds, according to the report. 

Between 2005 and 2007, there was a 'growing flood' of U.S. dollars moving between the exchange house and HSBC, setting off red flags inside HSBC. 
Some bankers said the transfers were legal. One said the money came from Mexican landscapers working in the United States and routing money back home to their families. 

HSBC ultimately closed the account in November 2007 after it received a seizure warrant from the Mexican attorney general seeking money tied to the exchange dealer, the Senate report said.
HSBC agreed to continue to provide the bank bulk shipments of U.S. dollars until 2010 when HSBC exited entirely the bulk-cash business.

Officials at Al Rajhi could not immediately be reached for comment.

Dealings with Iran


Some of the money that moved through HSBC was tied to Iran, the report said, which would violate U.S. prohibitions on transactions tied to it and other sanctioned countries.
To conceal the transactions, HSBC affiliates used a method called 'stripping,' where references to Iran are deleted from records. HSBC affiliates also characterized the transactions as transfers between banks without disclosing the tie to Iran in what the Senate report called a 'cover payment.'

HSBC 'failed to take decisive action to confront these affiliates and put an end to the conduct,' the report said.
Between 2001 and 2007, more than 28,000 transactions were identified by an outside auditor for HSBC that potentially could have run afoul of laws that prohibit transactions with sanctioned countries. 

Of those, 25,000 involved Iran. A smaller number required additional analysis to determine if violations of U.S. regulations had occurred, the report said.

At the heart of HSBC's failings was the fact that it served as a hub for smaller financial firms needing access to the global banking system, the report said.

In one example detailed in the Senate investigation, HSBC continued to do business with one client that admitted to U.S. law enforcement that it had failed to maintain an effective anti-money laundering system.

The client, Sigue Corp, was a money processor in California, the report said. In 2008, the company agreed to a so-called deferred prosecution with the U.S. Justice Department and other U.S. agencies where it admitted to allowing millions of dollars of suspect transactions between 2003 and 2005.

Undercover U.S. officers, in a sting, even moved money through the company, explicitly telling Sigue agents they were moving illegal drug proceeds, the report said.


Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2174785/HSBC-scandal-Britains-biggest-bank-let-drug-gangs-launder-millions--faces-640million-fine.html#ixzz20wTxIPA4

Wednesday, 4 July 2012

Frequently Asked Questions: The Higgs!


Frequently Asked Questions: The Higgs!

Why have we tried so hard to find the Higgs particle? How does the Higgs mechanism work? What is the difference in physics between strong evidence and a discovery? Why do physicists speak in terms of "sigmas"? Find out here!

  1. Why have we tried so hard to find the Higgs particle?
Because it could be the answer to the question: how does Nature decide whether or not to assign mass to particles?
All the fundamental particles making up matter – the electron, the quarks, etc. – have masses. Moreover, quantum physics requires that forces are also carried by particles. The W and Z particles that carry the weak force responsible for radioactivity must also have masses, whereas the photon, the carrier of the electromagnetic force, has no mass at all. This is the root of the “Higgs problem”: how to give masses to the fundamental particles and break the symmetry between the massive W and Z and the massless photon? Just assigning masses by hand leads to an inconsistent theory and nonsensical predictions. Nature must therefore have a way of correcting this inconsistency, and the mechanism proposed by Englert, Brout and Higgs could be the answer.
  1. How does the Higgs mechanism work?
According to the Englert-Brout-Higgs mechanism, the property that we measure as the ‘mass’ of a particle is the result of a constant interaction with a field that permeates the Universe like a sort of “ether”. The existence of this Englert-Brout-Higgs field is definitively proven by the discovery of the corresponding quantum particle - the Higgs boson.
Originally, the Englert-Brout-Higgs mechanism was put forward to explain why one of Nature’s fundamental forces has a very short range, whereas another similar force has an infinite range. The forces in question are the electromagnetic force (infinite range) – which carries light to us from the stars, drives electricity around our homes, and holds together the atoms and molecules from which we are all made – and the weak force (very short range), which is responsible for radioactivity and drives the energy-generating processes of the stars. Today we know that the electromagnetic force is carried by particles called photons, which have no mass, whereas the weak force is carried by particles called W and Z, which do have mass. Rather like people passing a ball, interacting particles exchange these force carriers. The heavier the ball, the shorter the distance it can be thrown – and the heavier the force carrier, the shorter its range. The W and Z particles were discovered in a Nobel prize winning enterprise at CERN in the 1980s, but the mechanism that gives rise to their mass had not yet been understood, and that’s where the Higgs boson comes in.
The Englert-Brout-Higgs mechanism in its basic form is the simplest theoretical model that could account for the mass difference between photons and the W and Z particles, and by extension could account for the masses of other fundamental particles. The presence of the Englert-Brout-Higgs field enables these forces to cohabit a single unified electroweak theory.
It should not be thought that the Englert-Brout-Higgs field is responsible for all the mass in the Universe. Your interaction with the field actually contributes less than 1 kg to your mass. The remainder comes mainly from the strong force binding quarks inside nucleons, with a tiny contribution from the electromagnetic force that reigns over the atomic and molecular scales.
Higgs bosons are quantum fluctuations in the Englert-Brout-Higgs field that are visible experimentally only when energy is “injected” into the field. Concentrating the right amount of energy in proton-proton collisions at the LHC excites the Englert-Brout-Higgs field, which resonates at a precise energy corresponding to the mass of the Higgs boson.  The Higgs boson appears momentarily before decaying into other particles that the LHC experiments can measure. Some theories predict the existence of multiple Higgs bosons.
  1. Is the Higgs boson the only possible answer to the “mass problem”?
No, there are other theories that predict the existence of different mechanisms to explain how Nature deals with the mass problem. For example, there are rival theories that suggest the existence of extra dimensions of space.
Also, despite the fact that we see strong evidence of its existence, we do not yet know whether the Higgs boson is an elementary particle as postulated in the Standard Model, or some more complex object. Nor do we know whether there is only one Higgs boson or if there are more of them. Further studies and analysis will have to be carried out to reply to these questions.
  1. Why is it called the “God particle”?
The term was coined for Leon Lederman's popular science book on particle physics: “The God Particle: If the Universe Is the Answer, What Is the Question?
  1. Is Peter Higgs the only theorist who proposed this mechanism as a solution to the “mass conundrum”?
No. In 1964 independently and almost simultaneously, The theory of the Higgs field was proposed by three groups of physicists: Fran├žois Englert and Robert Brout, Peter Higgs, and Gerald Guralnik, C. R. Hagen, and Tom Kibble. However, Peter Higgs was the only one of these who pointed out explicitly the existence of the particle that bears his name and calculated some of its properties.
  1. What is the difference in physics between “strong evidence” and a discovery? Why do physicists speak in terms of “sigmas”?
The Higgs boson cannot be observed directly because its lifetime is too short for our apparatus. At the end of its life, the boson decays and transforms into other particles, and the detectors may detect these decay products. As an example, one of the ways a Higgs particle can decay is into two photons, which can then be detected. However, there are many other processes that also produce two photons, so researchers compare the number of so-called “two-photon events” measured with the number expected from known processes. They do this for all the possible decay modes, and only when they see a statistically significant excess of events can scientists claim a discovery.
In particle physics, people talk of 95% confidence levels, which means that a given signal, such as that for a Higgs particle decaying to two photons, has only a 5% chance of being due to a statistical fluctuation. However, 95% confidence is not enough to claim a discovery. For that, the probability of a statistical fluctuation being responsible for the measurement has to be much smaller, less than one in a million. This is what physicists call a five-sigma effect. It is considered the gold standard for significance; six sigmas correspond to one chance in half a billion that the result is a random fluke.
  1. Why did it take so long to come to such a result?
First of all, accelerators have to be powerful enough to produce the high-energy collisions that allow any given particle to be created. The lowest energy that you need in a collision in order to create a given particle is the mass of the particle itself. However, the particle you are looking for might be produced together with other particles, in which case a higher collision energy would be needed.
In a proton-proton collider such as the LHC, the physics processes are such that the probability to produce a Higgs boson increases considerably when the energy collision is increased. As an example, the Higgs boson production rate in 2011 – when the LHC was operated at 3.5 TeV per beam – was about 27% less than the production rate in 2012, when the LHC is being operated at 4 TeV per beam.
In general, the processes associated with the observation of the Higgs boson are very rare, and therefore statistics come into play. The statistical error, i.e., the expected range of statistical fluctuations, goes down as the inverse of the square root of the data sample size. For example, to halve the error bar you must quadruple the data sample. This is why physicists always try to collect more data: to reduce the size of possible statistical fluctuations.
One might think that, once the analysis is defined, it is just a matter of passing all the newly accumulated data through those selection criteria in order to extract the type of events we want to study. However, producing new results requires an incredible number of checks and cross-checks.
The analysis technique works as follows: a theoretical model is used to predict what phenomena and particles might be seen, and experimental physicists estimate what their detector response would be to such events, using complex simulation methods. They do this first for all known processes, so that they can predict the various expected types of events that will come out of the LHC. These simulated events look just like the events collected in the detectors, except they are generated using all our knowledge of what can be produced when protons collide in the LHC.
Then the experimentalists determine a series of criteria for selecting new physics, partly defined using simulations. The selection criteria are designed for the sole purpose of spotting a needle in a field full of haystacks. For this, physicists study in detail the characteristics of possible interesting events (such as the Higgs boson), comparing these characteristics with those of known processes. At this stage, the name of the game is to isolate the signal from all other types of events, which physicists refer to as background. Most of the time, the background constitutes the bulk of all collected events.
The final step is to compare the simulations of the known processes that survive the selection criteria to the collected data set. In some cases, comparison with simulations might not be necessary, and physicists may just need to subtract potential Higgs signals from the background directly inferred from the actual data.
The more data are collected, the more precise these comparisons get, making the result more significant. In the end, the goal is to produce absolutely trustworthy results, excluding flaws, bugs and oversights.
  1. What are the next steps?
The data recorded so far in 2012 have not been completely analysed, and the LHC is still taking data. Further analysis is needed and ongoing. Despite the strong evidence for its existence, the properties of the Higgs boson need to be explored and understood.
As the particle is identified and studied more completely, the physics models will have to be updated (also read Question 9).
In the meantime, the LHC will continue its scientific programme of which the Higgs is only one item. By exploring the world of infinitely small particles, physicists hope to provide answers to the origin and fate of our universe. What happened just after the Big Bang? Why did matter dominate over anti-matter when, in laboratory settings, they are created in equal amounts? Finding out what dark matter is made of is certainly high on the LHC agenda, even if popular models such as supersymmetry have not manifested themselves yet, despite all our attempts at unveiling them. What would you say if you found out we do not live in a four-dimensional world (three dimensions of space and one of time), but rather one containing extra hidden dimensions? There are enough strange, puzzling questions and even stranger possible answers to blow your mind!
In particle physics as in other research fields, scientists will continue to study how the Universe works. With the Higgs, the Universe has disclosed just one of its numerous mysteries.  
  1. What is the impact of such a Higgs boson on the current description we use for the Universe?
The Higgs boson will complete our description of the visible matter in the Universe, and of the fundamental processes governing the Big Bang since it was a trillionth of a second old. The Higgs boson may have played a role in generating the matter in the Universe, and may be linked to dark matter. It may even provide a clue how the Universe inflated to its present size. On the other hand, the Higgs boson is a very different particle from the others we know, and poses almost as many questions as it answers. For example, what determines the mass of the Higgs boson and the density of dark energy? According to conventional ideas, both should be much larger than their observed values. The quest continues.

Tahniah !.Penemuan Partikel Higgs Boson


Saya mengucapkan tahniah di atas kejayaan kumpulan saintis yang berjaya dalam penemuan partikel Higgs boson yang diumumkan hari ini.


Saya mendoakan agar kumpulan saintis akan mendapat hidayah dan beriman kepada Allah kerana itulah yang sewajarnya kemuncak penemuan yang hebat dalam bidang fizik pada dekad ini.


Penemuan ini juga menggambarkan kerjasama erat saintis seluruh dunia untuk menghasilkan penemuan hebat dapat memberikan sumbangan besar kepada dunia.


Pencarian partikel Higgs Boson atau 'God Particles' akan memberikan inspirasi kepada banyak semua pihak untuk melibatkan diri dalam bidang sains.


Pengumuman hari ini diharapkan akan memberi inspirasi kepada generasi akan datang saintis.


Semoga kejayaan ini,akan membantu kepada dunia memahami falsafah penciptaan manusia dan alam semesta oleh Allah.


=Mohd Ezli Mashut=

New particle fits description of elusive Higgs boson, scientists say



The scientists outlined their final analysis based on research and particle collisions using the Fermilab Tevatron collider near Batavia, Illinois.
The scientists outlined their final analysis based on research and particle collisions using the Fermilab Tevatron collider near Batavia, Illinois.
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • Finding the Higgs boson would help explain the origin of mass
  • "We have reached a milestone in our understanding of nature," scientist says
  • The announcement is based on data from the Large Hadron Collider
(CNN) -- Scientists said Wednesday that they had discovered a new particle whose characteristics match those of the Higgs boson, the most sought-after particle in physics, which could help unlock some of the universe's deepest secrets.
"We have reached a milestone in our understanding of nature," said Rolf Heuer, the director general of the European Organization for Nuclear Research, which has been carrying out experiments in search of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world's largest particle accelerator.
"The discovery of a particle consistent with the Higgs boson opens the way to more detailed studies, requiring larger statistics, which will pin down the new particle's properties, and is likely to shed light on other mysteries of our universe," said Heuer.
Announcements by scientists about their analysis of data generated by trillions of particle collisions in the LHC drew avid applause at an eagerly awaited seminar in Geneva, Switzerland, on Wednesday.
Finding the Higgs boson would help explain the origin of mass, one of the open questions in physicists' current understanding of the way the universe works.
CNN's Jethro Mullen and Atika Shubert contributed to this report.